Lake Chad is a large shallow water body in West Africa which gained much popularity due to its economic importance enjoyed by citizens of four major countries that border the lake.
Many people from Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad depend on water from Lake Chad for domestic use and irrigation for agricultural purposes during dry season.
Over years, reports from Global Resources Information stated that the Lake has reduced by 95% between 1963 and 1998. However, there was a slight improvement in the size of the lake in the year 2007 due to the conservative measures to maintain the lake’s water by all four nations.
While receiving the Director-General of United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Irina Bokova, on August 10-11, President Muhammadu Buhari pointed out the possible danger that could arise from the rapid depletion of Lake Chad. “On 10-11 August, the UNESCO Director-General, Bokova visited Nigeria on the invitation of the Federal Ministry of Education. During the visit, the Director-General met with President Muhammadu Buhari, where the latter reiterated Nigeria’s firm commitment to the ideals and goals of UNESCO” (Unesco.org).
The president mentioned that their as been immigration into Nigeria from bordering countries because the lake is drying up, for him this presents a worrisome problem, especially during the near economic recession Nigeria is facing at this time.
He called on UNESCO and developed nations to assist in investing on conservative platforms to save Lake Chad from the effects of climatic change.