#Damasak: A Landscape Full of Historical Human Rights Violations


In the 16th century, a land was claimed after a war by the Islāmic Sultanate known as the kingdom of Birgimi. It was mainly dominated by people from Lake Chad and the surrounding areas of central Africa during the ancient days.

Damasak was popular as it was a major domain of Islāmic warriors. Several historic artists and biographers visited the land in the past before the present era. Damasak was previously protected by a huge trapezoidal wall, but was broken down after several sieges in the 1580s.

A popular Nigerian-Borno politician, who gained fame from his power exhibitions in Nigeria, Cameroon and Niger called Idris Alooma conquered Damasak and inherited it for Nigeria, and it became one of the earliest civilized landscapes in Africa as a post siege community. Damasak has recorded more conflicts and social destabilization than every other local government in Nigeria, since her existence.

In the 21st century, more than seventy corpses were found on the streets of Damasak in March 2015. Thousands of people were rendered homeless by Boko Haram and many fled Damasak as Borno State became a battlefield for the activities of the Boko Haram.

World organizations are expecting action from the Nigerian government in rescuing and safely returning over 300 hundred kids taken away from their parents in Damasak as a result of terrorism.  Last week marked the one year anniversary since the disappearance of these 300 children, the largest recorded Boko Haram school kidnapping. A total of 400 women and children taken away by Boko Haram in Damasak marked a year in captivity on March 29, 2016.

The major challenge is that no one can even confirm if these hostages are still alive because some of them have likely died of diseases or malnutrition, even before the Boko Haram took them through the forests of Damasak.