The two round system also known as the second ballot or run off voting is used to elect the president. The voting system is used to elect a single winner where the voter cast a single vote for their chosen candidate. To emerge winner, a candidate has to have more than 50% of the total vote.
Ghana has a multi-party system with two dominant parties. The incumbent president John Dramani Mahama will be flying his party’s flag – National Democratic Congress. While Nana Akufo-Addo is the presidential candidate for the major opposition party, New Patriotic Party. The flag bearer of the opposition New Patriotic Party (NPP) Nana Akufo-Addo promised to create a lot of job opportunities in Ghana just like what is being experienced in neighboring Ivory Coast, should he win the coming elections. In a twist of fate Samia Nkrumah, daughter of the first president of Ghana; Kwame Nkrumah and current chairperson of the Convention People’s Party lost the party’s presidential primary to Mr. Ivor Kobina Greenstreet who will act as a third presidential hopeful in the upcoming elections.
President John Dramani Mahama has found himself involved in a lot of corruption cases, he was even dubbed the “father of corruption” by some disgruntled Ghanaian nationals. In 2012, according to TheAfricareport.com, “anti-corruption campaigners and legal experts questioned the president for accepting a car gift worth $100,000 from a Burkinabe contractor. According to reports, in 2012 Mahama received a vehicle from Djibril Kanazoe, a Burkinabe contractor, who was awarded a $650,000 contentious deal to build a security wall at Ghana’s embassy in the Burkina Faso capital, Ouagadougou”. Some analysts believe the “gift” helped to influence contract awarding.
He may have found himself to be in the league of leaders like Sani Abacha of Nigeria, Mobutu Sese Seko of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak. As vice president he was accused of being involved in the Armajaro scandal. The company was involved in smuggling cocoa beans across the country’s border, which led to a great loss to the nation. He has been accused of personally aiding the restoration of their operating license. It was also reported that the president acquired a presidential customized jet under the epithets of a “strategic airlift aircraft” for the Ghana Armed Forces.
As the president waddles in corruption cases, the leading political opposition party NPP is hoping to capitalize on this with a win in the coming election.