At the border of Ethiopia and Djibouti, a horn-like shaped piece of land, encloses the African map from the Indian Ocean. Over 10.8 million people are known to be the inhabitants of the land as citizens. The majority of these people are Muslims, speaking both Somali and Arabic as official languages. This land is called Somalia.
Somalia was very popular in terms of commercial activities since the middle ages as one of the lands of Ancient Punt. Trades in Somalia included gold, perfumes, ivory and wild animals. It was also known as the land of the gods according to scholars. Several empires have come and gone in Somalia, such as the Ajuran Empire, the Adal Sultanate, and the Warsangali Sultanate. These empires dominated the regional trade and shared power through wealth in the early Afro-asiatic era.
During the 19th century, the British and Italian empire divided the land into colonies, but was repelled by Mohammed Abdullah Hassan. The British gained access in taking control of Somalia through air-power in the year 1920. The Italians on the other hand gained control over the northeastern and southern regions. However, two colonial rules resulted in the establishment of the Somali Republic in the early 1940s under a civilian government.
In 1969 after the Somali civil war, the country returned to religious and customary rules. Another formation of a Transition Federal Government emerged as many strived to gain power after the war. The Transition Federal Government established the Islamic Court Union to help the Ethiopian troops enforce law.
The objectives of the TFG failed as the ICU splinted to more notorious groups in the year 2004 which resulted to the existence of Al Shabaab.
Al Shabaab became a threat to the Somalian economy since the year 2008 by terrorizing any form of government and western-life information. In 2012 the Al Qaeda affiliate created a training center in the northern part of Mogadishu.
Al Shabaab became a threat to the U.S. government and other African peace keeping troops over a decade. As CNN reported in February 2016: “Al-Shabaab has been behind some of the worst violence in recent years in and around Somalia…targeting tourists, such as last month’s [January] deadly attack on a beach side restaurant-hotel complex in Mogadishu. Young people also have been targets, as shown in the massacre at Kenya’s Garissa University College. And the general public hasn’t escaped the group’s violence, as evidenced in a 2013 assault on an upscale mall in Nairobi”.
The group was also associated with the bombing of an Emirates Airliner which saw one person fall to his death.
America has focused its arrow on curbing terrorism acts arising from Islāmic countries such as Pakistan and Somalia. A drone attack was launched by the U.S. towards northern Mogadishu which harbors the insurgents for terrorism training, killing 150 people suspected to be part of the insurgency in late March.
However, reports from Somalia claimed that only innocent souls were victims of the attack, but the statement from Navy Captain Jeff Davis, through a Pentagon spokesman reads “the drone only hit the Raso training camp 120 miles towards the northern part of the country, which was not expected to be dominated by any innocent citizen of Somalia.